Khayāl-o-Naẑar kā Silsilā
Gumani Centre presents its new podcast series, “Khayāl-o-Naẑar kā Silsilā”—
students’ conversations about the papers published in our annual journal Bunyād.
This is a proud production of the Gurmani Centre’s Urdu Podcast Series Khayāl-o-Nazar kā Silsila (lit. A Chain of Thoughts and Vision) designed to re-introduce the tradition of disseminating words of wisdom in society through didactic literature. Communicated through interesting anecdotes and sayings called hikayāt, both in verse and in prose, this rich literary tradition played an instrumental role in medieval societies to communicate a variety of moral lessons with a special focus on justice and social harmony.
Musleh-ud-din Sheikh Sa’dī (1210-1291) is broadly recognized as one of the most phenomenal authors of Persian literature. He was a prodigious scholar of philosophy as well as an acclaimed author of poetry and prose. This episode talks about Sa’dī Shirazi's hikayāt (short stories and parables) and quotations that highlight human comportment and emotion. The podcast highpoints how Sa’dī’s words reflect his deep insight of human relationships and underlines how the moral of his stories often accentuated the significance of cultivating a sense of accountability to the Divine and to the Self. Sa’dī’s prose has the disposition to educate and draw a moral lesson from everyday occurrences. He comes across as the poet of friendship, of adoration, self-devotion, and equanimity. There is an undeviating dynamism in his thoughts, and a noticeable optimism, which the podcast seeks to emphasize.
Manto’s Short Story “Dhuvāṅ”: A Religious Compendium of Artistic Configuration.
Sadat Hasan Manto is now widely acknowledged as a great short story writer of Urdu. He was a creative genius, indeed. Among other things, deep psychological insights of human behaviors and personality seem to have informed ingenuity of his writings. Though he had to face judicial trials—and tribulations—for the charges of obscenity before and after Partition, he never gave in. Controversial for being charged as lascivious, Manto’s short story “Dhuvāṅ” is though much talked about, less interpreted, and evaluated in its own primary context. Akhter Ahsen, a distinguished psychologist and one of the pioneers of Na’ī Shā‘irī movement of 1960s, had analysed it in psychological context but it remained unpublished for long. Its edited version is first time being brought out. To Dr Ahsen, primary context of “Dhuvāṅ” lies in Eastern mythical and religious tradition. This way, Dr Ahsen refutes Manto’s Urdu critics who resort to Western psychological insights to interpret his stories.
Frantz Fanon, Sixty Years after his Death:
Review and Relevance
Frantz Fanon (1925-1961) is undoubtedly the first mental health professional who defined not only dynamics of the psychology of colonialism but also elaborated the phenomenology of it from the perspective of the colonized. Fanon expanded his clinical horizon to diagnose the pathology prepondering more outside of his clinic than inside. He ascertained the aetiology of and intervention for pathological and pathogenic phenomenon of colonialism. As a revolutionary mental health professional, he did not dissolve himself in the professional neutrality. He emerged beside the colonized, pointed out the mechanisms of colonial oppression, and identified the ways the colonized responded to them, pathologically. This article—after sixty years of his death—reviews his three books published in his lifetime to establish relevance of his views in the era of hypercolonialism. Colonialism is indisputably not what it was in Fanon’s time; rather it is more intricate, enigmatic, and invisible now than ever before. The relevance of some of his views has unquestionably been depleted, but most of what he has predicted is more visible today than it was in 1950s.Show less